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Art Law and Cultural Property (IFAR)

Art Law and Cultural Property, produced by the International Foundation of Art Research (IFAR), utilizes two resources – the International Cultural Property Ownership and Export Legislation (ICPOEL) and Case Law and Statutes (CLS) – and primarily focuses on legal and ethical issues concerning acquisition, ownership, attribution, and authenticity of artworks. ALCP has three components: summaries of case law, international legislation, and contact information of government officials, as well as a glossary of key terms, full text of US statutes mentioned in cases, images of works, and links between sections. The case law summaries include a brief summary of the case, facts, procedural history, outcome, jurisdiction, legal citations, statutes, and legal claims. Unique to this database, the case law includes out-of-court settlements that cannot be obtained using other platforms. The international legislation available includes a brief summary, the complete documents in the original language, and generally an unofficial English translation, and some historical legislation as well. Government contact information is updated annually. The CLS database provides a case outline organized topically, further sub-divided by the nature of the case (civil or criminal) and status. The “matrix view” provides a list of cases for a particular topic organized alphabetically with condensed information. Also, the database includes a global search box; however, the search function does not recognize quotation marks or section symbols. A keyword search will also retrieve relevant case summaries. To filter the results, restrict the search by category. Regarding ICPOEL, once a user selects one of 75 countries, the database provides a summary of legislation, which includes relevant legislation and selected historical documents, regulated cultural property, export restrictions, ownership rights and restrictions, violations, penalties, and sanctions, and international conventions and bilateral agreements.