About USC Gould
USC Gould is a top-ranked law school with a 115-year history and reputation for academic excellence. We are located on the beautiful 228-acre USC University Park Campus, just south of downtown Los Angeles.
Learn about our rigorous and interdisciplinary curriculum, our invaluable experiential learning opportunities, and the breadth and depth of our specialized areas of concentration and certificate offerings.
- Student Life
Participate in an unparalleled learning experience with diversity of people and thought. Get involved in the law school community and participate in activities that enhance your studies.
We work closely with students, graduates and employers to support successful career goals and outcomes. Our overall placement rate is consistently strong, with 94 percent of our JD class employed within 10 months after graduation.
Our faculty is distinguished for its scholarship, as well as for its commitment to teaching. Our 12:1 student-to-faculty ratio creates an intimate and collegial learning environment.
- Alumni and Giving
Alumni and Giving
The global Trojan network of more than 10,000 law alumni and donors include recognized leaders in numerous fields who are deeply committed to supporting student and law school success.
- FACULTY DIRECTORY
- LECTURERS IN LAW DIRECTORY
- EXPERTS DIRECTORY
- FACULTY IN THE NEWS
- SCHOLARSHIP AND PUBLICATIONS
- DISTINCTIONS AND AWARDS
- + CENTERS
- CENTER FOR LAW AND PHILOSOPHY (CLP)
- CENTER FOR LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (CLASS)
- CENTER FOR LAW, HISTORY AND CULTURE (CLHC)
- CENTER FOR TRANSNATIONAL LAW AND BUSINESS (CTLB)
- INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM INSTITUTE (IRI)
- PACIFIC CENTER FOR HEALTH POLICY AND ETHICS
- SAKS INSTITUTE FOR MENTAL HEALTH LAW, POLICY, AND ETHICS
- WORKSHOPS AND CONFERENCES
Orin S. Kerr joined the faculty at USC Gould School of Law in January 2018 as the Frances R. and John J. Duggan Distinguished Professor of Law. From 2001 to 2017, he was a professor at the George Washington University Law School. Kerr has previously been a visiting professor at the University of Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania. An accomplished teacher, Kerr received the outstanding teaching award from the George Washington Law School Class of 2009.
Kerr specializes in criminal procedure and computer crime law, and he has also taught courses in professional responsibility, evidence, and criminal law. In addition to writing more than 50 articles, he has authored and co-authored popular casebooks and co-authored the leading criminal procedure treatise. Since 2001, his publications have been cited in over 2,500 articles and more than 250 judicial opinions. He also posts regularly at the Volokh Conspiracy and the Lawfare blog, and he maintains an active presence on Twitter.
Kerr has argued cases in the United States Supreme Court and three federal circuits. He has testified six times before Congressional committees. In 2013, Chief Justice Roberts appointed Kerr to serve on the Advisory Committee for the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. In 2015, the Chief Justice again appointed him to serve on the Judicial Conference’s committee to review the Criminal Justice Act.
Kerr graduated from Princeton University and received a master’s degree in mechanical engineering from Stanford University. He earned his law degree from Harvard University, where he was executive editor of the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy. After law school, he clerked for Judge Leonard I. Garth of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and Justice Anthony M. Kennedy of the United States Supreme Court. He then served as a Special Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Eastern District of Virginia and as a trial attorney in the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section at the U.S. Department of Justice.
- The Digital Fourth Amendment (under contract with Oxford University Press, publication expected 2019).
- Computer Crime Law (West Publishers, 1st ed. 2006; 2nd ed. 2009; 3d. ed. 2013; 4th ed. 2018).
- Modern Criminal Procedure, Basic Criminal Procedure, and Advanced Criminal Procedure (with Kamisar, LaFave, Israel, King & Primus) (12th ed. 2008, 13th ed. 2012, 14th ed. 2015).
- Criminal Procedure (6-volume treatise) (with LaFave, Israel, & King) (3d ed. 2007, 4th ed. 2015).
Articles and Book Chapters
- "Cross-Enforcement of the Fourth Amendment" (work in progress).
- "Encryption Workarounds," Georgetown Law Journal (forthcoming 2018) (with Bruce Schneier). - (SSRN)
- "Government Hacking to Light the Dark Web: What Risks to International Relations and International Law?" 70 Stanford Law Review Online 58 (2017) (with Sean Murphy). - (SSRN)
- "Effect of Legislation on Fourth Amendment Protection," 115 Michigan Law Review 1117 (2017). - (SSRN)
- "Trespass, Not Fraud: The Need for New Sentencing Guidelines for CFAA Offenses," 84 George Washington Law Review 1544 (2016) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Norms of Computer Trespass," 116 Columbia Law Review 1143 (2016). - (SSRN)
- "An Economic Understanding of Search and Seizure Law," 164 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 591 (2016). - (SSRN)
"Executing Warrants for Digital Evidence: The Case for Use Restrictions on Nonresponsive Data,"
48 Texas Tech Law Review 1 (2015) (symposium keynote). - (SSRN)
- "Katz Has Only One Step: The Irrelevance of Subjective Expectations," 82 University of Chicago Law Review 113 (2015) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "The Fourth Amendment and the Global Internet," 67 Stanford Law Review 285 (2015). - (SSRN)
- "A Rule of Lenity for National Security Surveillance Law," 100 Virginia Law Review 1513 (2014). - (SSRN)
- "A Next Generation Communications Privacy Act," 162 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 373 (2014). - (SSRN)
- "Foreword: Accounting for Technological Change," 36 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 403 (2013) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "The Curious History of Fourth Amendment Searches," 2012 Supreme Court Review 67 (2013). - (SSRN)
- "The Mosaic Theory of the Fourth Amendment," 111 Michigan Law Review 311 (2012). - (SSRN)
- "Defending Equilibrium-Adjustment," 125 Harvard Law Review Forum 84 (2012). - (SSRN)
- "Why Courts Should Not Quantify Probable Cause," in The Political Heart of Criminal Procedure: Essays On Themes of William J. Stuntz, edited by Michael Klarman, David Skeel, and Carol Steiker, at 131 (Cambridge University Press) (2012). - (SSRN)
- "An Equilibrium-Adjustment Theory of the Fourth Amendment," 125 Harvard Law Review 476 (2011). - (SSRN)
- "Fourth Amendment Remedies and Development of the Law: A Comment on Camreta v. Greene and Davis v. United States," 2011 Cato Supreme Court Review 237 (2011) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Use Restrictions and the Future of Surveillance Law," The Brookings Institution, Future of the Constitution Series, Paper No. 11 (2011) (symposium). - (www)
- "Good Faith, New Law, and the Scope of the Exclusionary Rule, 99 Georgetown Law Journal 1077 (2011)." - (SSRN)
- "Ex Ante Regulation of Computer Search and Seizure," 96 Virginia Law Review 1241 (2010). - (SSRN)
- "The Modest Role of the Warrant Clause in National Security Investigations," 88 Texas Law Review 1669 (2010) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Vagueness Challenges to the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act," 94 Minnesota Law Review 1561 (2010) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Applying the Fourth Amendment to the Internet: A General Approach," 62 Stanford Law Review 1005 (2010). - (SSRN)
- "Fourth Amendment Seizures of Computer Data," 119 Yale Law Journal 700 (2010). - (SSRN)
- "Defending the Third-Party Doctrine: A Response to Epstein and Murphy," 24 Berkeley Technology Law Journal 1229 (2009). - (SSRN)
- "The National Surveillance State: A Response to Balkin," 93 Minnesota Law Review 2179 (2009). - (SSRN)
- "Do We Need A New Fourth Amendment?," 107 Michigan Law Review 951 (2009) (book review issue). - (SSRN)
- "The Case for the Third-Party Doctrine," 107 Michigan Law Review 561 (2009). - (SSRN)
- "The Limits of Fourth Amendment Injunctions," 7 Journal on Telecommunications and High Technology Law 127 (2009) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Criminal Law in Virtual Worlds," 2008 University of Chicago Legal Forum 415 (2008) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Updating the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act," 75 University of Chicago Law Review 225 (2008) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Four Models of Fourth Amendment Protection," 60 Stanford Law Review 503 (2007). - (SSRN)
- "How to Read a Legal Opinion: A Guide for New Law Students," 11 The Green Bag 2D 51 (2007). - (SSRN)
- "Blogs and the Legal Academy," 84 Washington University Law Review 1127 (2007) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Enforcing Law Online," 74 University of Chicago Law Review 745 (2007) (book review). - (SSRN)
- "Searches and Seizures in a Digital World," 119 Harvard Law Review 531 (2005). - (SSRN)
- Essay, "Digital Evidence and the New Criminal Procedure," 105 Columbia Law Review 279 (2005). - (SSRN)
- "Congress, the Courts, and New Technologies: A Response to Professor Solove," 74 Fordham Law Review 779 (2005) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Search Warrants in an Era of Digital Evidence," 75 Mississippi Law Journal 85 (2005) (annual 4th Amendment symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Virtual Crime, Virtual Deterrence: A Skeptical View of Self-Help, Architectural Solutions, and Civil Liability," 1 Journal of Law, Economics, And Policy 197 (2005) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Technology, Privacy, and the Courts: A Reply to Colb and Swire," 102 Michigan Law Review 933 (2004). - (SSRN)
- "The Fourth Amendment and New Technologies: Constitutional Myths and the Case for Caution," 102 Michigan Law Review 801 (2004). - (SSRN)
- "Foreword: The Future of Internet Surveillance Law," 72 George Washington Law Review 1139 (2004) (symposium).
- "A User’s Guide to the Stored Communications Act, and a Legislator’s Guide to Amending It," 72 George Washington Law Review 1208 (2004) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "Cybercrime’s Scope: Interpreting 'Access' and 'Authorization' in Computer Misuse Statutes," 78 New York University Law Review 1596 (2003). - (SSRN)
- "Internet Surveillance Law After the USA Patriot Act: The Big Brother That Isn’t," 97 Northwestern University Law Review 607 (2003). - (SSRN)
- "Lifting the 'Fog' of Internet Surveillance: How a Suppression Remedy Would Change Computer Crime Law," 54 Hastings Law Journal 805 (2003) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "The Problem of Perspective in Internet Law," 91 Georgetown Law Journal 357 (2003). - (SSRN)
- "A Lukewarm Defense of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act," in Copy Fights: The Future of Intellectual Property in the Information Age (Cato Institute 2002). - (SSRN)
- "Computers and the Patent System: The Problem of the Second Step," 28 Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal 47 (2002) (symposium). - (SSRN)
- "The Fourth Amendment in Cyberspace: Can Encryption Create A 'Reasonable Expectation of Privacy?'", 33 Connecticut Law Review 503 (2001). - (SSRN)
- "Rethinking Patent Law in the Administrative State," 42 William & Mary Law Review 127 (2000). - (SSRN)
- "Are We Overprotecting Code? Thoughts on First-Generation Internet Law," 57 Washington & Lee Law Review 1287 (2000).
- "The Decline of the Socratic Method at Harvard," 78 Nebraska Law Review 113 (1999). - (SSRN)
- "Shedding Light on Chevron: An Empirical Study of the Chevron Doctrine in the U.S. Courts of Appeals," 15 Yale Journal On Regulation 1 (1998). - (SSRN)
FACULTY IN THE NEWS
Jody Armour was quoted about the need to reduce gun violence overall, not just in mass shooting scenarios. “A lot of times, it is members of the Black community, truly disadvantaged Blacks, turning guns on one another and squeezing the trigger,” Armour said. “If you want to reduce that rate of violence, focus on the social inequalities.”
"Becoming Black, Becoming Free: Law, Race, Slavery and Freedom in the Americas" (with Alejandro de la Fuente), Cambridge University Press (forthcoming Fall 2019).
Michael Chasalow moderated a panel discussion on "What You Need to Know about the Exploding L.A. Technology Sector," USC Gould Institute for Corporate Counsel, Los Angeles, CA.
Gillian Hadfield's paper, "Privatizing Law: Is Rule of Law an Equilibrium Without Private Ordering?," was recently listed on SSRN's Top Ten download list for the Law & Economics eJournal.