About USC Gould
USC Gould is a top-ranked law school with a 120-year history and reputation for academic excellence. We are located on the beautiful 228-acre USC University Park Campus, just south of downtown Los Angeles.
Learn about our interdisciplinary curriculum, experiential learning opportunities and specialized areas.
USC Gould helps prepare you for a stellar legal career. You can pursue a JD degree, one of our numerous graduate and international offerings, or an online degree or certificate.
Participate in an unparalleled learning experience with diversity of people and thought. Get involved in the law school community and participate in activities that enhance your studies.
We work closely with students, graduates and employers to support successful career goals and outcomes. Our overall placement rate is consistently strong, with 94 percent of our JD class employed within 10 months after graduation.
Our faculty is distinguished for its scholarship, as well as for its commitment to teaching. Our 12:1 student-to-faculty ratio creates an intimate and collegial learning environment.
- Alumni and Giving
Michael H. Shapiro
USC Gould School of Law
- FACULTY DIRECTORY
- LECTURERS IN LAW DIRECTORY
- EXPERTS DIRECTORY
- FACULTY IN THE NEWS
- SCHOLARSHIP AND PUBLICATIONS
- DISTINCTIONS AND AWARDS
- + CENTERS AND INITIATIVES
- CENTER FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION
- CENTER FOR LAW AND PHILOSOPHY (CLP)
- CENTER FOR LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (CLASS)
- CENTER FOR LAW, HISTORY AND CULTURE (CLHC)
- CENTER FOR TRANSNATIONAL LAW AND BUSINESS (CTLB)
- INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM INSTITUTE (IRI)
- PACIFIC CENTER FOR HEALTH POLICY AND ETHICS
- SAKS INSTITUTE FOR MENTAL HEALTH LAW, POLICY, AND ETHICS
- + WORKSHOPS AND CONFERENCES
Michael H. Shapiro specializes in bioethics and in constitutional law, and in particular, medical and legal ethical issues surrounding research and experimentation; reproductive, genetic, and behavior control; and death and dying. He taught Constitutional Law and Bioethics and Law.
A prolific author on medical ethics and legal questions in the advent of new technologies, Shapiro has written Cases, Materials, and Problems on Bioethics and Law, 2nd ed. (with others, Thomson West, 2003), “Human Enhancement Uses of Biotechnology, Policy, Technological Enhancement and Human Equality” in Encyclopedia of Ethical, Legal, and Policy Issues in Biotechnology (Wiley, 2000), and “The Identity of Identity: Moral and Legal Aspects of Technological Self-Transformation” (Journal of Social Philosophy and Policy, 2005).
Professor Shapiro earned his BA and MA from the
- Cases, Materials, and Problems on Bioethics and Law, 2nd ed. (with others) (Thomson West, 2003).
- Biological and Behavioral Technologies and the Law (editor and author) (Praeger, 1982).
- Bioethics and the Law: Cases, Materials, and Problems (with Roy G. Spece, Jr.) (West, 1981; 1985 and 1991 Supplements).
Articles and Book Chapters
- "Updating Constitutional Doctrine: An Extended Response to the Critique of Compulsory Vaccination." 12 Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics 87 (2012). - (Hein)
- "What Should Insurance Insure in the PPACA Age? On Paying for Other People's Reproductive Decisions and Ambitions." 33 Whittier Law Review 27 (2011). - (Hein)
- “Argument Selection in Constitutional Law: Choosing and Reconstructing Conceptual Systems.” 18 Southern California Review of Law & Social Justice 209 (2009). - (SSRN)
- “Individual Rights, Just Access to Health Care, and Public Health Measures in ‘Normal’ Times and in Times of Crisis: Changes in Basic Principles, or Changes in Their Application, or Both?” In Bioterrorism and Human Rights (Roy Branson, ed.) (Center for Law and Public Policy with the Center for Christian Ethics, Loma Linda University, 2005).
- “The Identity of Identity: Moral and Legal Aspects of Technological Self-Transformation.” 22 (2) Social Philosophy and Policy 308 (2005).
- "David Carroll Did Not Want to Be a Role Model.” 78 Southern California Law Review 9 (2004). - (Hein)
- “On the Possibility of ‘Progress’ in Managing Biomedical Technologies: Markets, Lotteries, and Rational Moral Standards in Organ Transplantation” (Symposium: Thinking About Biomedical Advances: The Role of Ethics and Law). 31 Capital University Law Review 13 (2003). - (Hein)
- “Does Technological Enhancement of Human Traits Threaten Human Equality and Democracy?” 39 San Diego Law Review 769 (2002). - (Hein)
- "Constitutional Adjudication and Standards of Review under Pressure from Biological Technologies." 11 Health Matrix 351 (Summer 2001).
- "Human Enhancement Uses of Biotechnology, Policy, Technological Enhancement and Human Equality." In Encyclopedia of Ethical, Legal, and Policy Issues in Biotechnology (Thomas H. Murray and Maxwell Mehlman, eds.) (Wiley, 2000).
- "An Orphan's Story: What We Do at USC Law." 74 Southern California Law Review 311 (2000). - (Hein)
- "I Want a Girl (Boy), Just Like the Girl (Boy) That Married Dear Old Dad (Mom): Cloning Lives." 9 Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal 1 (1999). - (Hein)
- "The Impact of Genetic Enhancement on Equality." 34 Wake Forest Law Review 561 (1999). - (Hein)
- "Is Bioethics Broke? On the Idea of Ethics and Law 'Catching Up' with Technology." 33 Indiana Law Review 17 (1999). - (Hein)
- "Lawyers, Judges and Bioethics." 5 Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal 113 (1997). - (Hein)
- "Illicit Reasons and Means for Reproduction: On Excessive Choice and Categorical and Technological Imperatives." 47 Hastings Law Journal 1081 (1996). - (Hein)
- "How (Not) to Think About Surrogacy and Other Reproductive Innovations" (Symposium: Surrogacy Legislation in California). 28 University of San Francisco Law Review 647 (1994). - (Hein)
- "Law, Culpability, and the Neural Sciences." In The Neurotransmitter Revolution: Serotonin, Social Behavior, and the Law (R. Masters & M. McGuire, eds.) (Southern Illinois University Press, 1994).
- "Regulation as Language: Communicating Values By Altering the Contingencies of Choice" (Symposium on Biotechnology Law). 55 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 681 (1994). - (Hein)
FACULTY IN THE NEWS
Professor Jody Armour was interviewed by the New York Times about the recent policy brutality incident that led to the death of Tyre Nichols. “It’s not just a Black and white issue, but a Black and blue one. And when you put on that blue uniform, it often becomes the primary identity that drowns out any other identities that might compete with it," Armour said.
"The China Innovation Challenge." Center for Strategic & International Studies interview, Washington, D.C.
"The Clean Water Act and the Ocean: An Unfulfilled Promise." Kentucky Journal of Equine, Agriculture, and Natural Resources Law 14 (2022): 3.
"Rights of Nature Is Becoming a U.S. Reality." Natural Resources & Environment. Prepublished December 2, 2022.